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سرزمین اهورایی - شاهنامه، بزرگترین منظومه حماسی جهان است
دوشنبه 25 اردیبهشت 1391

شاهنامه، بزرگترین منظومه حماسی جهان است

   نوشته شده توسط: اهورا امشاسپند    نوع مطلب :اوستا و شاهنامه ،فرهنگ و هنر پارسی ،

«ابوالفضل خطیبی»، هموند(:عضو) فرهنگستان زبان و ادب پارسی و از استادان رشته ادبیات پارسی، در آیین بزرگداشت فردوسی که به دست کانون دانشجویان زرتشتی برگزار شده بود، شاهنامه را بزرگترین حماسه منظوم جهان دانست.
وی در این آیین که در پسین روز آدینه 22 اردیبهشت‌ماه در تالار خسروی برگزار شده بود، سخن می‌گفت، با بیان اینکه اگر یک ایرانی این سخن را بگوید ممکن است آن را به شوند(:سبب) تعصب ملی وی بدانند گفت: اما بسیاری از خاورشناسان نامی نیز رای بدین گونه دارند. چنان که «آرتور کریستین سن» تاری‌شناس نامور اروپایی نیز جمله‌ای با همین درونمایه دارد.
خطیبی در ادامه به پژوهشی که به دست «جرار شالیان» انجام شده اشاره کرد و گفت: وی در کتابش 35 منظومه حماسی جهان را بررسی کرده و از میان آنها 5 کتاب برتر را برگزیده است که شاهنامه نیز در آن میان و در کنار آثاری چون ادیسه، گیل گمش و مهابهاراتا جای دارد. وی سپس می‌کوشد برترین کتاب را برگزیند و این در حالی است که به عنوان یک اروپایی باید به کتابی همچون ادیسه دلبستگی داشته باشد. اما او چون پژوهشگر منصفی است، به 3 شوند زیر، شاهنامه را برمی‌گزیند:
 
1: یکپارچگی سیاسی: در شاهنامه، همه دوران سیاسی آمده که دربردارنده فرمانروایان و سلسله‌های چندگانه است، دچار گسست نمی‌شود و تمدن ایرانی از آغاز خود تا پایان روزگار ساسانیان، در یک کتاب گردآمده است.
2: یکپارچگی جغرافیایی: در سرتاسر شاهنامه، همیشه یک سرزمین مرکزی به نام «ایرانشهر» وجود دارد که همه داستان‌ها و همه فداکاری‌ها پیرامون این سرزمین است. هر چند بخش‌هایی به این سرزمین افزوده یا کاسته می‌شود. اما ناسیونالیسم افراطی درباره این سرزمین در شاهنامه وجود ندارد. به همین شوند است که شاهنامه نیز نزد دیگر اقوام و فرهنگ‌ها نیز ارجمند است. زیرا به هیچ قومی توهین نشده و بزرگی ایران به شوند ویژگی‌های خود اوست نه کوچک کردن دیگر سرزمین‌ها. از همین روی است که در دربار عثمانی، شاهنامه‌خوانی رواج داشته و این یک جایگاه بوده است. با آنکه عثمانیان رقبای تاریخی ایران بوده‌‌اند و ترکان در شاهنامه رقیبان ایران هستند. اما چون اخلاق جنگ و رقابت در شاهنامه رعایت شده، آنان نیز ارزش شاهنامه را درمی‌یابند.
3: یکپارچگی تاریخی: اگر کتاب‌های تاریخی درباره ایران را ببینیم مانند تاریخ طبری و ...، می‌بینیم که درباره هر رویداد تاریخی چند روایت را ارایه کرده‌اند. اما شاهنامه درباره هر رویداد، تنها یک روایت را به دست می‌دهد. این اندیشه فردوسی و گردآورندگان منابع او بوده است که هر کس تنها یک برداشت از یک رویداد تاریخی داشته باشد.
خطیبی در پایان سخنانش گفت: اگر حافظ را بیان ناخودآگاه جمعی ایرانیان بدانیم، شاهنامه بیان خودآگاه ایرانیان است.
اسفندیار اختیاری، نماینده زرتشتیان در مجلس شورای اسلامی، گفت: گذشتگان ما در گذر سالیان، فردوسی و کارش را با تمام وجود درک کرده‌اند و در راه پایداری و سربلندی ایران کوشیده‌اند. وی همچنین از هیات مدیره پیشین کانون دانشجویان زرتشتی سپاسگزاری کرده و برای هیات مدیره و هموندان جدید کانون دانشجویان آرزوی موفقیت کرد.
رستم خسرویانی، فرنشین(:رییس) هیات مدیره انجمن زرتشتیان تهران، با اشاره به جایگاه ویژه فردوسی و شاهنامه نزد جهانیان اشاره کرد و این پرسش را مطرح کرد که ما تا چه اندازه شاهنامه می‌خوانیم و تا چه سپاسدار فردوسی هستیم که زندگی‌اش را پای سرایش شاهنامه گذاشت.
خسرویانی افزود: شاهنامه کتابی است روان و دربردارنده مفاهیم اخلاقی و کسی که شاهنامه را بخواند و بفهمد گاتها را نیز می‌تواند دریابد. پس بیایید هر روز چند دقیقه‌ای را به خواندن شاهنامه اختصاص دهیم.
از دیگر بخش‌های این برنامه، سپاسداری از هنرمند کم‌توان زرتشتی، «نیما طلایی» و شاهنامه‌خوانی امیر صادقی و دو تن از شاگردان کلاس‌های شاهنامه‌خوانی بود.
 همچنین گروه موسیقی شنایا و گروه ساز و آواز هدیه کشاورزیان و شهین شیرمردی، به اجرای برنامه پرداختند.


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